বাংলাদেশ কৃষি গবেষণা ইনস্টিটিউট গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ সরকার
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সর্ব-শেষ হাল-নাগাদ: ৮ ডিসেম্বর ২০১৪

গবেষণা ক্ষেত্র

BARI has been engaged in different commodity and non-commodity research area. Major research programs of BARI are listed below:

I Variety Improvement of Field Crops
1. Wheat 2. Maize 3. Milletes
4. Barley 5. Oilcrops 6. Pulses

 

II Variety Improvement of Horticultural Crops
1.Tuber Crops 2. Fruits 3. Vegetables
4. Palms and Nuts 5. Betal Leaf 6. Spices
7. Floriculture    

 

III Crop Husbandry
1. Crop Husbandry of Field Crops
2. Crop Husbandry of Horticultural Crops

 

IV Soil-Plant Nutrient Management and Fertilizer recommendation

 

V Disease Management
1. Fungal Diseases 2. Bacterial Diseases
3. Viral Diseases 4. Nematode Diseases

 

VI Pests Management
1. Invertebrate Pests Management
2. Vertebrate Pests Management

 

VII Irrigation and Water Management

 

VIII Farm Machinary and Post Harvest Process Engineering

 

IX Postharvest Technology

 

X Hill Farming

 

XI Farming System Research and On-Farm Verification of Advanced Technologies

 

XII Maintenance and Preservation of Genetic Resources

 

XII Socio-economic Studies on Production, Utilization and Marketing

 

Current research thrust in different programme areas

 

Programme areas Research priorities/thrusts
A. Commodity Research
Cereals :
  • High yield potential varieties for rice based cropping system.
  • Heat tolerant varieties suitable for late planting after Aman harvest
  • Variety development for problem areas like (North-western part), salinity (Southern belt), moisture stress (Barind) and excess soil moisture (Khulna, Barisal).
  • Productivity related activities in system perspective
  • Multidisciplinary and participatory research approach
  • Appropriate farm machinery use in tillage in rice-wheat system
  • Seed technology related research and breeders' seed production
  • Development of hybrid and open pollinated varieties in Maize.
Pulses and Oilseeds :
  • Short duration high yielding variety of mustard with high oil content
  • Water logged tolerant variety in sesame, seed dormancy in groundnut and hybrid variety in sunflower.
  • YMV resistant short duration mungbean variety for kharif-1 season
  • Development of varieties resistant to rust and Stemphylium in Lentil, Botrytis grey mold (BGM) resistant/tolerant in chickpea, YMV resistant variety for late planting in blackgram, low toxin in grasspea.
  • Seed production and technology transfer of pulses and oilseeds in collaboration with DAE and BADC.
Vegetables:
  • Development of summer vegetables varieties such as tomato, leafy vegetables, cabbage, hyacinth bean, summer onion, etc.
  • Production of hybrid brinjal, radish, muskmelon.
  • Production of disease free seed/saplings through tissue culture in potato, banana, etc.
  • Production of true potato seeds (TPS)
  • Production of potato seed-tubers through formal and informal practices.
  • Improvement of local potato varieties.
  • Post-harvest handling and processing of potato in relation to export opportunities.
  • Improvement of aroids and yams.
Fruits :
  • Development of varieties for on and off-season and year-round fruits (Jack fruit, Mango, Pineapple, etc.).
  • Development of fruits through micro- and macro-propagation.
  • Varietal improvement of orange/mandarin and minor fruits like carambola, pommelo, ber, etc.
Floriculture :
  • Varietal development of commercial flowers viz. Orchid, Gladiols, Gerber, Anthurium and some foliage.
  • Devolopment of producation techonology for different flowers.
  • Post-harvest studies, lick Vase life determination, packaging and transportation.
Spices :
  • To select high yielding varieties of different spices having high degree of tolerance/ resistance to common insect pests and diseases
  • To introduce spices which are commonly used in the country but not produced here.
  • To develop appropriate and improved production technologies.
  • To develop improved post-harvest handling, processing and preservation of different spices.
  • To identify and find out control measures of insect pests and diseases of different spices crops.
  • To develop improved soil and water management practices for production of different spices.
  • To strengthen adaptive research of newly released spices varieties in different agro-ecological zones for transfer of technologies to end users.

B. Basic and Frontier research
1. Breeding, genetic resources and bio-technology
  • Assessment of genetic diversity/gene identification and establishment of molecular markers through DNA finger printing (purpose of intellectual property right establishment)
  • Implication of gene transformation techniques for variety development against abiotic stress (salinity/charlands/ drought/water logging, etc.) and biotic stresses (disease, insect and pests, etc.)
  • Improvement of crop varieties through Bio-technological means where natural variability for a particular trait is not available.
  • In vitro and cryopreservation technique for germplasm conservation (plant/tissue/pollen/DNA)
  • Germplasm enhancement and pre breeding (wide hybridization/ embryorescue/ovule culture)
  • Introduction of GMO (Brinjal, Potato and Chickpea)
  • Selection of desirable varieties/hybrids/inbreds using marker assisted selection (MAS)
2. Agronomy
  • Cultural management of different crops for sustainable agriculture through system perspective approach.
  • Long term fertility related research and crop modeling.
  • Integrated crop production approach for hill and coastal region.
  • Seed and seed health of prioritized crops.
  • Crop diversification and intensification through multiple cropping.
3. Soil Science
  • Research on soil health management and soil fertility restoration (organic recycling/biofertilizer/symbiotic organism)
  • Micro-nutrient related research on specific crops and soils.
  • Ground water pollution with heavy metals.
4. Plant Pathology
  • Identification of pathotypes of major disease causing organisms.
  • Conduct research for recommendation of new fungicides
  • Integrated disease management
  • Soil solarization to control soil borne pathogens
5. Entomology
  • Identification of new insect pests.
  • Integrated pest management (IPM), chemical control of important pests.
  • Conduct research for recommendation of new pesticides
  • Determination of residual affects of important vegetables.
6. Irrigation and water management
  • Irrigation scheduling of high value crops for commercial agriculture
  • Income generation of poor and marginal farmers through appropriate irrigation and water management practices
  • Develop irrigation methods to minimize water loss and conserve ground water
7. Farm machinery
  • Development of appropriate machinery for optimizing crop yields and reduce cost of cultivation.
  • Development of appropriate packaging, transportation and storage methods for fruits and vegetables.
8. Postharvest Technology
  • Assessment of post-harvest losses in crops, vegetables, fruits along with their processing and preservation.
  • Improvement of storage techniques of seeds.
  • Improvement of technology for extending shelf life of fruits and vegetables.
9. Socio-economic, farming system and development
  • Impact study on crop commodity sector including marketing and export opportunity.
  • Economic suitability of BARI developed technology including low cost labour intensive machinery.
10. Farming system research
  • On-farm verification of matured technologies of different crops and non-commodity items
  • Homestead gardening of fruits and vegetables production
  • Integrated farming system research and technology adoption.
  • Agroforestry research
11. Genetic resource management
  • Collection, evaluation, documentation and conservation of germplasm of BARI mandate crops
  • Genetic enhancement
  • Molecular characterization of germplasms.
  • In-vitro conservation of clonally propagated crops
  • Documentation of germplasms in relation to GIS
  •  

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